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Thursday, December 8, 2011

The United States Involvement with Israel Historic and Present

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Since the State of Israel was founded in 148, the United States


government has supported them through war and turmoil. The roots of


Americas particpation on the side of Israel can be traced back directly to


Custom writing service can write essays on The United States Involvement with Israel Historic and Present




Harry Trumans presidential administration. Eleven minutes after the


founding of Israel the United States recognized it as a sovereign nation.


Since that day, U. S. politics have balanced in policy between supporting


Israel and access to Middle Eastern oil (Grier 1-).


In October of 17, President Richard Nixon met with his Secretary of


State, Henry Kissinger to discuss the current war in the Middle East. Just


one day earlier the armies of Egypt and Syria had launched a surprise attack


on the Israelis. Kissinger informed the president that Israel was requesting


logistical support in the form of sidewinder missiles and ammunition.


Confident that he was picking the winning team, President Nixon agreed to


grant Israels request (Grier5).


It was predicted that Israel would win the war quickly; as they had in


the Six Day War of 167. The victory, however, did not come quickly.


After 16 days of intense fighting, and with the support of American transport


planes and F-4 Phantom Jets the Israeli army emerged as the victors. But,


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in order to calm the raging tensions in the Middle East, there would have to


be negotiations for the return of the lands captured by Israel. Again the


United States took a piece of the action (Grier 6).


The end of the Yom Kippur War was the beginning of the American


hard-bargaining mediator phase. This era was marked by difficult, seemingly


successful negotiations, followed by dramatic agreement , handshaking, and


soaring hopes, and then a crash back to earth as neither side followed


through on what they agreed to. Peter Grier of The Christian Science


Monitor notes


Consider the Camp David accords -still the


most important Middle East pact to which


the US has served as midwife. President


Jimmy Carter had taken office promising a


new look for US foreign policy.The hard


realpolitik of the Nixon-Ford era, when


everything was seen through the lens of the


cold war, would be modified. In its place


would be an attempt to deal with regional


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problems on their own terms. In the Middle


East, that meant a comprehensive approach


to Israeli-Arab differences, including some


sort of solution solution for the problem of


displaced palestinians (Grier 7).


At that time the United States relations with Israel peaked. Support for Israel


accounted for a whopping thirty-four percent of total United States foreign


aid.


In 181 The United States supported Israel with nearly two and one


half billion dollars in aid. Of that figure, less than half was a loan to be repaid


(U.S. Assitance 1). Also in 181, on seven June, the Israeli Defense Forces


launched a lightning fast airstrike comprised of F15 and F16 fighter jets


toward the Osirak nuclear facility near Baghdad, Iraq. One minute and


twenty seconds after the assault had begun, the nuclear reactor lay in ruins


(Raid 1). That July, after fighting between Israel and the Palestinians in


Lebanon, President Reagans special envoy, Philip C. Habib helped secure a


cease fire agreement (Background 14).


Ten years later, as the Allied Coalition Forces were removing Saddam


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Hussein and his troops from Kuwait, Iraq launched multiple missile volleys


toward Israel. As opposed to entering the war directly, Israel relied on the


United States Army to deflect the missile attacks (Background 15).


The Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs, a branch of the U. S. State


Department reported


On September 1, 1, Israel and the PLO


signed a Declaration of Principles (DOP) on


the South Lawn of the White House. The


declaration was a major conceptual


breakthrough achieved under the Madrid


framework. It established an ambitious set of


objectives relating to a transfer of authority


from Israel to an interim Palestinian


authority. The DOP established May 1 as


the date by which a permanent status


agreement for the West Bank and Gaza Strip


would take effect. Israel and the PLO


subsequently signed the Gaza-Jericho


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Agreement on May 4, 14, and the


Agreement on Preparatory Transfer of


Powers and Responsibilities on August ,


14, which began the process of


transferring authority from Israel to the


Palestinians (Background 17).


Obviously, the historic peace accords would not hold their water in the long


run, as the turmoil continued into the twenty-first century.


On a videotaped statement released on seven October 001, Osama


Bin Ladin said, Neither America nor the people who live in it will dream of


security before we live it in Palestine (qtd. on CNN). By this it can be


understood that the United States will be plagued by terrorism as long as it


allies itself with and provides support for The State of Israel (Grier ).





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